This study introduces the Csatka pilgrimage, which is one of the most significant festive events for Roma in Central and Eastern Europe. Csatka, a small and secluded village, became one of the most important pilgrimage sites for Roma since the mid-20th century. Tens of thousands of Roma, entire families from Hungary and the surrounding countries arrive to the feast on Nativity Day at the beginning of September. For them, however, the rite is not only about religious actions, but also about their powerful role in strengthening Roma ethnic identity. Through the analysis of the rite, we can gain a good insight into the Roma lived religiosity and the role of faith in the construction of their ethnic identity. In addition, the Csatka pilgrimage is a good illustration of the challenges facing the Catholic Church in the field of Roma pastoral care.



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