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Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

Abstract

The author analyzes the narrations of Survivors of the genocide of the Tutsi, in 1994. A particular attention is paid to how the witnesses express two affects : guilt and responsibility. Their life stories explore these concepts which help them to carry out a search for Truth, which is deeply linked with the sufferings the horror of the past inflicted to them to the point of being haunted by the past. The Survivors ask themselves an array of questions, not always finding a satisfying answer which could bring them some peace. They address their questioning to different agents, telling them they should feel guilty and/or responsible in front of the Rwandese Tragedy. This analysis will approach the narrations from three different disciplines and theories, namely phenomenology, semiotics and interpretative semantics.

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