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Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

Abstract

The proliferation of fools in independent African nations’ capitals and major cities should have entailed profound analyses. The period after 1804 in Haiti and after 1960 for Africa is marked by irrationality. From this point of view, Aimé Césaire, doom prophet, uses the Haitian past to warn newly independent African nations. The attempt to understand the phenomena has so far been based on psychoanalysis and other euro-centric methods. In this paper, we will attempt to centre our approach on the gaze and thought of the lunatics themselves in order to understand the madness that has taken hold of post-colonial periods. The author will examine the gaze of the lunatic and the child in Aimé Césaire’s Tragedy of King Christopher (1963) and Charles Najman’s Royal Bonbon (2003) with the objective of deconstructing the myths that have immobilized Haiti and Africa.

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