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Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

Authors

André Ntonfo

Abstract

As we know, Haiti, the first Black republic in the world, commemorated the bicentennial of its independence in 2004. This paper examines how that unique experience has been received by the Black world in general and by independent African states in particular, as well look at the place that Haiti occupies in their imagination. This paper will examine Haiti’s role as an ideological place of structuring and as a real space for experimentation with post-colonial strategies applied to independent Black nations, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The author will demonstrate how Haiti, from its position as a pioneer for these nations, came to be ignored, subverted and today, transformed into a counter-model relegated to the dustbin of the human world. Furthermore, looking at the common aspects of the two entities, the question will be raised of whether Haiti can be considered as a sort of mirror for the future of Africans states.

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