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Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

Abstract

The text traces the course of African Literature’s critical adventure. For a long time, studies have been focused on African identity. The critic is often ethnologic, anthropological, cultural and attracted by exoticism. The critic is also attentive to everything that indicates the difference with occidental culture and without which the African text would only be an outline. There is also the frequent intrusion of empty concepts in African Literature criticism (for example : tradition, relatives, ethnic group, oral character, traditional religion, African rhythm, solidarity, communion between the living and the dead). From the criticism of humor and sources, to criticism of psychology and intertextuality, viewed as the archetype’s wild quest, African Literature’s history is made of thematic studies attached to the fetishism of the signified. It is also scaled-down to a series of monographs which reel off diachronic periods and movements.

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