Date of This Version
World Cup, soccer, impact analysis, mega-event, tourism
This paper provides an empirical examination of impact the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the United States on local employment. In contrast to ex ante economic impact reports that suggest large increases in employment due to the tournament, an ex post examination of employment in 9 host metropolitan areas finds no significant impact on employment from hosting World Cup games. Furthermore, an analysis of employment in specific sectors of the economy finds no impact from hosting games on employment in the leisure and hospitality and professional and business services sectors but a statistically significant negative impact on employment in the retail trade sector.
Working Paper Number
Baumann, Robert; Engelhardt, Bryan; and Matheson, Victor, "Labor Market Effects of the World Cup: A Sectoral Analysis" (2011). Economics Department Working Papers. Paper 21.